Never let growing African violets stand in water or completely dry out. To prevent an unsightly bushy look, suckers or side shoots could also be picked … The violet symbolizes loyalty, devotion, and faithfulness. Propagating the African Violet is one of the easy steps in learning how to care for African Violet. The fungi Pythium species and Phytophthora species can cause this problem, especially when plants are watered excessively, have poor drainage, or are planted too deeply. Fill the pot with good quality potting mix, specifically formulated for African violets. Pinch off spent flowers when they fade to keep an African violet attractive and to encourage more flowers. Make sure the plant to drain well. To propagate a new African violet in water, you'll need a sterilized cutting tool, a thin-necked bottle (such as a sterilized beer bottle), and a plastic bag or wrap. Most of the time, African violets will eventually have multiple crowns and side shoots. Irrigation. Click here for tips on how to prune an African violet and keep your plant its showstopping best. African violets should be repotted every 6 months to avoid this, and this one hasn’t been. When removing spent blooms, also remove dead or dying foliage. Pruning will also encourage new growth. However, there are some giant African Violets out there, with diameters well over a foot. Others have ruffled leaves rather than the regular smooth leaves. To do this, gently remove three or more bottom leaves once every month. You can do this by bending the leaves to the side, forcing them to snap, leaving no stub toward the base of the plant. Always water with lukewarm to warm water. Crown & Root Rot: One of the most serious fungal problems of African violet is usually first noticed when the crown and roots of the plant turn soft and mushy. The leaves are dark green. Groom your African violet by pruning. Hold the pot over a sink … Removing a row of two of outer leaves from the crown (leaving at least the center two pairs of leaves) creates a stub of … These will take resources away from the parent plant, and … Deadhead African violets to encourage more blooms. How to Split African Violets. African violets are very hardy and do best in indirect or filtered sunlight. We’ll need to repot this one, once we’ve removed all of the old, dead, and dying, leaves. Remove the plant from its pot. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned grower, African Violets are a joy to work with and look at. Slice off the bottom of the root ball with a sharp knife and remove the lower leaves from the base of the plant (which will expose the neck of the plant). Regularly pruning African violets is also recommended to promote healthy growth. You should apply the rooting hormone but its optional and establish the cuttings in moist soil. Violets (Viola)—though unrelated to African violets—are one of the February birth flowers, so a potted African violet can make a bright gift for a February birthday. This can be done by bending the leaves to the side, forcing them to snap, leaving no stub toward the base of the plant. Find out more about these dainty flowers here. Like many other houseplants, African violets prefer the same temperatures we do. African Violet Care – Keeping Them Healthy. … Pruning African violets doesn't require shears or loppers but rather just a capable pair of hands. Regularly snip or pinch back faded blooms.Pictured: 'Taboo' features single or semidouble frilled blooms in dark red. They need between 6-8 hours of bright sun a day. She bought a few plants to brighten up her office at IBM under fluorescent lights. Generally, African Violets will grow anywhere from 2” to 6” tall and 2” to 12” wide. Water when soil feels less moist to the touch. Answer: Pruning in African violets is not done in the same way, generally, as it is for other plants. Plant the seeds in a small pot with soil. Choose and make cuttings that are a couple of inches long below a leaf node. Grooming also includes removing leaves which are damaged and any that are fading on the lower rows. Prune wayward or misshapen stems. African violets are a tropical plant, and they love bright indirect sunlight. To remove a crown, use a very sharp knife, and slice into the stem at an angle on either side to separate the crown from the base of the plant. Position in pot and backfill with potting mix, gently firming down. Use real potting soil. Leaf-cutting is the easiest and most popular method. Now a serious grower (while having tons of fun), Penny shows how to grow and propagate these tidy plants that bloom their heads off. How to water African violets . What I love most about African violets is starting out baby plants from leaves. Proper watering is an important aspect of learning how to grow African violets. Doing this keeps the energy feeding the main plant and, once again, maximizes your blooms. They don't look nice, they take nutrients from main plant and can cause rest of plant go bad. The older leaves droop, and the younger leaves in the center of the plant appear stunted, turn black and die. Include 2 inches (5 cm) of stem and cut the leaf from the plant on a … With their fuzzy foliage and cheery flowers, African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) add vibrant, year-round color to potted gardens. African violets, especially rosette types, can be pruned to maintain a single-crown look. You can water from top or bottom with water at room temperature or slightly warmer. An artificial lightmay also be necessary to speed up the growth of your African violet. Wick watering, from the bottom, is sometimes appropriate but may not be the best practice for those new to growing African violet plants. Another method of propagating African violet is through growing leaf in a water. If a majority of the roots are still white or light-colored, prune off the rotted roots, and re-pot the plant in soil for African violets in a container with several drainage holes. However, they should not be in direct sunlight as they can burn. African Violet leaves have tiny hairs and a lush green appearance. To care for African Violets, you should know that they need plenty of water, they need to … On tour, African violets captivated Penny Smith-Kerker the minute she walked into a First Austin African Violet Society show. Prune Properly. African violet pruning is one important care ritual that keeps the plant attractive. Remove plant from container, gently tease roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots. A window with northern or eastern exposure is ideal for these little guys.